How to Compute GWA in the Philippines: An Ultimate Guide

Last Updated on 06/30/2021 by FilipiKnow

Whether you are applying for admission into a university, qualification for a scholarship grant, or a graduate study, GWA is always part of the qualification process. 

However, not every institution provides a comprehensive presentation of your GWA and you need to work with the calculation to derive it. Let this article be your guide on how to compute GWA in the Philippines.

 

At a Glance: Free GWA Calculator in Excel.

how to compute gwa in microsoft excel

To save you time, we’ve developed a free GWA calculator where all you have to do is enter the required values and get the results right away. Click here to download the free Excel GWA calculator including instructions on how to use it. For a detailed discussion of GWA and its computation, please continue reading the article below.

 

What is GWA?

GWA (General Weighted Average) represents your overall academic performance for a semester or an academic year. It is based on the grades that you have obtained from your classes and the corresponding number of units of each class.

 

Are GWA and GPA the same?

GWA and GPA both represent academic performance for a certain period. However, Grade Point Average (GPA) is based on the “letter-grade” system where each letter has corresponding points (e.g., A = 4 points, B+ = 3 points, and so on) while GWA works with the numerical grades. Some universities abroad such as the University of Arizona1 use GPA to gauge student’s performance. 

Colleges in the Philippines use GWA as a determinant of student’s academic performance. However, there are also universities here that use GPA to determine students’ overall academic performance such as Far Eastern University2

 

Computing Your GWA: A Step-by-Step Guide.

You can compute your GWA whether you are a high school student, a college student, or an alumnus applying for a graduate study through this comprehensive guide.

How To Compute Your GWA if You Are a High School Student.

General Average3 is used for computing the overall academic performance of Junior and Senior High School students since there are no corresponding weights for each of their subjects.

If you are a high school student, you can compute your GWA through these steps:

  1. Determine your final grades for each subject which is shown on your report card. The final grade is the average of your grades on a subject for the entire school year. 
  2. Divide the sum of the final grades by the total number of subjects. The resulting number is your General Average for that school year.
 

How To Compute Your GWA if You Are a College Student.

If you are a college student, you may compute your GWA for a certain semester or for an entire academic year. 

Computing Your GWA for a Certain Semester.

  1. Determine the semester in which you want to compute your GWA.
  2. Determine your grades for each class in that semester. 
  3. Multiply each grade by the respective number of units of that class (e.g., if you have a grade of 1.5 for a certain class which is 3 units credit, you multiply 3 by 1.5 and obtain 4.5).
  4. Add the resulting numbers you have obtained for all classes.
  5. Lastly, divide the sum that you have obtained by the total number of units you have for the entire semester. The resulting number is your GWA for that semester.

Computing Your GWA for an Entire Academic Year.

  1. Multiply each grade that you have obtained for every subject by their respective number of units. 
  2. Add the resulting numbers you have obtained for all subjects.
  3. Lastly, divide the sum you have obtained by the total number of units you have taken for the entire academic year. The resulting number is your GWA for that academic year.
 

How To Compute Your GWA if You Are an Alumnus.

To compute your GWA, you may look at your Transcript of Records (TOR) or through the online platform that your university used to show your grades for each class. 

Here are the following steps to compute your GWA:

  1. Determine your grades for every class that you have taken as shown in your Transcript of Records.
  2. Multiply each grade of your class by the unit credits of that class. For example, if you obtained a 1.50 grade for one of your major classes with a unit credit of 4 units, you have 1.50 x 4 = 6.
  3. Add the resulting numbers that you have obtained from the previous step.
  4. Divide the sum you have obtained on step 3 by the total number of units you have obtained during your stay in the university. So, if you took 133 units during your stay in the university, you should divide the sum you have obtained by 113. The resulting number is your GWA.
 

GWA Computation Guide for Specific Universities.

1. University of the Philippines (UP).

If you are from UP, you may compute your GWA by using the same method mentioned above on computing GWA for college students. Grades from the previous program are included in the computation if you shifted to another program4. Also, grades on classes that are outside of the program’s curriculum are also included in the computation. 

2. Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP).

PUP also uses the GWA system in determining students’ overall academic performance5. If you are from PUP, you may refer to the section “How To Compute Your GWA if You Are a College Student” of this article.

3. Far Eastern University (FEU).

FEU uses Letter Grade with corresponding Quality Points for the computation of General Point Average. To compute for the GPA:

  1. Determine the Quality Point equivalent for each of your Letter Grade (e.g., A is 4.0, B+ is 3.5, and so on). You may refer to this site to determine the Quality Point equivalent of each Letter Grade.
  2. Determine the product of the corresponding Quality Point and the credit units of each subject.
  3. Add all the products you have obtained.
  4. Divide the sum by the total number of units you have taken. The resulting number is your GPA.

Note that FEU uses the term QPA (Quality Point Average) most often instead of GPA. Nonetheless, these two terms are just the same.

4. University of Santo Tomas (UST).

Same as with UP and PUP, the GWA for UST students is computed in the same manner6 as stated in the section “How To Compute Your GWA if You Are a College Student” of this article. Also, UST created an app that students may use to compute for their GWA. You can access it here (Apple) or here (Android).

5. University of the East (UE).

If you are from UE7, you may compute your GWA using the method presented in the “How To Compute Your GWA if You Are a College Student” section of this article. However, according to their website, UE also uses Grade Point Average (GPA) for their retention policy. On the other hand, they use GWA for qualification for Latin honors.

 

Tips and Warnings.

  • There are some apps that can compute your GWA quickly. Examples are GWA Calculator Philippines Ed. and Weighted Average Grades Calculator available in Google Playstore. You can also use spreadsheet templates which can help you determine your GWA.
  • Make sure that every value necessary for the computation of GWA (i.e., number of units, weight for each subject, grades per subject) is accurate as much as possible to provide a truthful value of your GWA.
  • Usually, grades enclosed in a parenthesis that is presented in your records are excluded in the computation of your GWA.
  • Some universities publish their students’ GWA every semester on their respective online platforms.
  • It is also important to always be updated on possible changes in the grading policy of your university which might affect the way your GWA will be computed.
  • There are also other grade averages that universities use for different purposes. For example, UP has Curriculum Weighted Average (CWA) which is used to determine if a student is qualified for graduation. Take note that these grade averages might be computed in a different manner.
 

Frequently Asked Questions.

1. I obtained a letter mark on some of my subjects (such as “P” for Pass). How can I compute my GWA?

Computing GWA when there is an involved letter mark depends on the policy of the university or institution. For instance, during the height of ECQ in various places in the Philippines. UP imposed a policy on providing “P” marks during the second semester of that academic year8 which may be given by professors for their students.  The corresponding units of that class with “P” marks are disregarded in the computation of the GWA and only numerical grades were considered. Nevertheless, GWA for that semester will be excluded from the student’s overall GWA.

2. How can I compute my GWA if I dropped a class?

It depends on the policy of the university where you belong but usually, classes that you have dropped are not included in the computation of your GWA. Hence, you should disregard the class that you dropped when calculating your GWA.

3. I took some classes twice. How can I compute my GWA?

Determine the average of the grades you have obtained for that class (e.g., if you have obtained a 4 on the first semester on that class and a 2 on the second semester of that same class: 4 + 2 = 6/2 = 3). The average will be the one that is considered in the computation of your GWA.

4. Is NSTP included in the GWA?

It depend on your school but most universities (including UP, PUP, and UST) exclude NSTP in the computation of GWA.

5. What is the GWA needed to pass UPCAT, PUPCET, and other entrance exams?

There is no specific value of GWA stated that is required to pass the UPCAT, PUPCET, and other entrance exams. However, most universities consider the grades you have obtained during high school in their qualification process.

Related: How to Compute UPG in UPCAT: A Complete Guide

6. What is the GWA needed to qualify for Latin honors?

It depends on the policy of your university but usually for undergraduate courses, the following grade requirements are followed:

  • 1.0000 – 1.2000 (Summa Cum laude)
  • 1.2001 – 1.4500 (Magna Cum laude)
  • 1.4501 – 1.7500 (Cum laude)

UP, UST, and UE are some of the schools that follow the scale above.

Meanwhile, PUP uses this scale:

  • 1.0000 – 1. 1500 (Summa Cum laude)
  • 1.1501 – 1.3500 (Magna Cum laude)
  • 1.3501 – 1.6000 (Cum laude)

However, some universities may have different grade requirements to determine whether a student qualifies for Latin honors. You may refer to your university’s handbook or primer to determine the GWA required to qualify for Latin honors.

7. Will my school include the GWA I obtained during online classes in my overall GWA to determine whether I qualify for honors?

Most universities include the GWA that you obtained during online classes. However, it’s still helpful to review your university’s policy regarding the grades you have obtained during online classes.

8. What is the GWA I need to aim for if I want to shift to another degree program?

Each college or department sets their own grade requirements for shifting. You may contact the respective department or refer to their primer regarding shifting.

9. I transferred to another degree program. Will the grades I have incurred on my previous degree program be included in the computation of my GWA?

Yes, the grades that you have incurred in your previous degree program will also be included in the computation of your GWA. However, it might not be included for other grade averages such as CWA used by some universities like UP.

 

References.

  1. Grade-Point-Average (GPA) Calculation or Averaging of Grades. Retrieved 12 April 2021, from https://catalog.arizona.edu/policy/grade-point-average-gpa-calculation-or-averaging-grades
  2. Computation of Grade Point Average (GPA). Retrieved 12 April 2021, from https://www.feu.edu.ph/index.php/registrar-services/computation-of-grade-point-average-gpa/
  3. Llego, M. (2019). DepEd K to 12 Grading System Steps for Computing Grades. Retrieved 12 April 2021, from https://www.teacherph.com/deped-grading-system/
  4. University of the Philippines Diliman – Office of the University Registrar. Grade Averages [PDF]. Retrieved from https://our.upd.edu.ph/files/acadinfo/GRADE%20AVERAGES%20.pdf
  5. PUP Student Handbook. (2019). [Ebook]. Sta. Mesa, Manila, Philippines. Retrieved from https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1BuDAuN0r8SX1BWX2NSN3FURzg/view
  6. University of Santo Tomas Student Handbook. (2018). [Ebook]. Retrieved from http://secgen.ust.edu.ph/assets/student-handbook-%E2%80%A2-7-september-2018.pdf
  7. Students Account Information. Retrieved 12 April 2021, from https://www.ue.edu.ph/manila/main.html?page=students&link=handbook
  8. University of the Philippines Diliman – Office of the University Registrar. (2019). UP System Policy on the Second Semester AY 2019-2020 in the Time of COVID-19 (Supplemental FAQs for UP Diliman) [PDF]. Retrieved from https://our.upd.edu.ph/faqs/ecfaq.pdf

Jewel Kyle Fabula

Jewel Kyle Fabula is a Bachelor of Science in Economics student from the University of the Philippines - Diliman. He loves cats, playing video games, listening to music, and studying Mathematics.

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