LTO Restriction and Condition Codes On Your Driver’s License: A Definitive Guide

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Applicable restriction codes and condition codes are indicated in an individual’s Professional or Non-Professional Driver’s License. Here’s everything you need to know about them.

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Updated LTO Restriction Codes

When you successfully get a driver’s license, it’s important to know which types of motor vehicles you’re allowed to drive. This is where restriction codes apply.

If you’re caught driving a type of vehicle that you’re not licensed to drive, you can face penalties and charges.

The Land Transportation Offices has recently updated the restriction and condition codes to clearly specify which vehicle/s you are licensed to drive.

What used to be known as restriction codes will now be known as “Driver’s License Codes” (DL Codes). Found at the back of your driver’s license, DL Codes are alphanumeric characters that will replace the old restriction codes 1 to 8.

Below are the updated DL codes with their respective subcategories:

DL CodeType of VehicleSubcategory/ies
AMotorcycleL1 – two wheels w/ maximum design speed not exceeding 50 kph

L2 – three wheels w/ maximum design speed not exceeding 50 kph

L3 – two wheels w/ maximum design speed exceeding 50 kph
A1TricycleL4 – motorcycle w/ sidecars w/ a maximum design speed exceeding 50 kph

L5 – three-wheel symmetrically arranged w/ a maximum speed exceeding 50 kph

L6 – four wheels whose unladen mass is not more than 350 kg w/ maximum design speed not exceeding 45 kph

L7 – four wheels whose unladen mass is not more than 550 kg w/ maximum design speed not exceeding 45 kph
BVehicles up to 5,000 kgs. GVW/8 seatsM1 – vehicles up to 5,000 kgs GVW w/ not more than 8 seats 
B1Vehicles up to 5,000 kgs. GVW/9 or more seatsM2 – vehicles up to 5,000 kgs GVW w/ more than 8 seats
B2Vehicles carrying goods ≤ 3,500 kgs GVWN1 – Vehicles up to 3,500 kgs GVW for carriage of goods
CVehicles carrying goods >3,500 kgs GVWN2 & N3 – vehicles exceeding 3,500 kgs GVW for the carriage of goods
DBus > 5,000 kgs GVW/9 or more seatsM3 – vehicles above 5,000 kgs GVW w/ more than 8 seats
BEBE – Trailers ≤ 3,500 kgs01 – Articulated vehicle MT/AT not more than 750 kgs GVW

02 – Articulated MT/ AT vehicle exceeding 750 up to 3,500 kgs GVW
CEArticulated C > 3,500 kgs combined GVW03 & 04 – articulated vehicle MT/ AT exceeding 3,500 kgs GVW

Whereas in the old system they were placed in the same restriction code (1), motorcycles and tricycles now have their own DL codes: A and A1, respectively. The different subcategories under these DL codes specify which type of tricycle or motorcycle can be driven with the license.

Meanwhile, the old restriction code 2 has been replaced by DL codes B and B1 with an upgraded weight limit of up to 5,000 kilograms Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW). Drivers with a DL code of B can only drive cars with up to 8 seats while those with B1 are only allowed to drive cars with 9 or more seats.

If you are driving a vehicle carrying goods, you may use either DL code B2 and/or C, depending on the weight of the vehicle. The B2 code is for vehicles weighing less than or equal to 3,500 kg GVW while C is assigned to vehicles weighing more than 3,500 kg GVW.

On the other hand, buses weighing more than 5,000kgs with 9 or more seats have a DL code of D. Lastly, DL codes ‘BE’ and ‘CE’ are for articulated vehicles like semi-trailer trucks and cars with trailers.

Furthermore, you may also encounter the following acronyms in your Driver’s License:


  • Automatic (AT) – means the license holder can only drive automatic vehicles.
  • Manual (MT) – means the license holder can drive manual, semi-automatic, and automatic vehicles.

Driver’s License Classification:

  • NPL– Non-Professional Driver’s License 
  • PL– Professional Driver’s License 

Here is a summary from LTO to help you get a better picture:

lto restriction code 1
Photo Credit: LTO
lto restriction code 2
Photo Credit: LTO
lto restriction code 3
Photo Credit: LTO

Related: How to Apply for Additional Restriction Codes On Your Driver’s License

Updated LTO Condition Codes

During the practical driving test, your ability to operate a vehicle will be assessed. It will be identified which conditions shall apply to you depending on your needs.

The conditions will help you drive safely. For example, if you have problems driving without your eyeglasses, a specific condition will be indicated in your driver’s license.

Here’s the list of updated condition codes that may or may not be indicated in your driver’s license:

1Wear corrective lenses
2Drive only w/ special equipment for upper/ lower limbs
3Drive customized motor vehicle only
4Daylight Driving only
5Hearing aid required

It must be noted that the special driving conditions or special equipment that must be used will be assessed by an LTO driver evaluator.

The old condition codes (A, B, C, D, E) have been replaced with numbers. Condition 1 is for individuals who need to wear contact lenses or eyeglasses to drive the vehicle.

Condition code 2 is given to drivers with upper or lower limb impairment whereas the old system puts them under two separate codes depending on which parts are affected.

On the other hand, condition 3 is a new addition. It refers to motor vehicles personalized to address the unique disability of an individual not belonging to other conditions. Condition 4 has been unchanged.

Lastly, condition 5 has been updated to allow the individual with hearing loss to drive the car, without the aid of a person with normal hearing. 

To have a better grasp of the DL codes and the conditions combined, here are a few examples:

lto restriction code 4
Photo Credit: LTO

Go back to the main article: How to Apply for a Driver’s License in the Philippines: An Ultimate Guide