The Keto diet has been gaining popularity as a quick and effective method of losing weight. You might have heard of it from your favorite fitness vlogger on Youtube, an influencer on Tiktok, or maybe co-workers who buy a lot of fat-burning supplements.
Whether you’re a first-timer intrigued by this popular diet or a keto fan looking for simple and affordable recipe ideas, this guide is for you.
Disclaimer: This article and the meal plan provided below are for educational and informational purposes only and are not intended to substitute medical advice. Dietary needs vary based on age, sex, height, weight, physical activities, and chronic health illnesses. Before starting a keto diet, speak with your physician and/or nutritionist-dietitian. He or she will most likely advise you to gradually incorporate more nutritious high-fat meals and less high-carb foods into your diet, as well as to drink lots of water along the way.
Table of Contents
- What Is a Keto Diet?
- How Many Macros Should I Eat in Keto?
- How to Get Started With a Keto Diet (Free Sample 30-Day Meal Plan + Grocery List)
- Keto-Friendly Keto Dishes
- Keto Diet Foods in the Philippines
- Health Benefits of the Keto Diet
Tips and Warnings
- 1. Start slowly
- 2. Do not be alarmed by the keto flu symptoms
- 3. Check how you are feeling
- 4. Your waist circumference and weight will fluctuate naturally from day to day
- 5. Nutrient deficits may occur if the ketogenic diet does not contain a variety of healthy keto meals
- 6. If you decide to start a ketogenic diet, it is best to consult with a physician and a dietitian
- Frequently Asked Questions
What Is a Keto Diet?
The ketogenic or “keto” diet is a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet used for ages to treat various medical concerns. It was launched in 1920 1 as successful diet therapy for epileptic children who had failed to respond to medicines. The ketogenic diet has also been studied and utilized in cancer, diabetes, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and Alzheimer’s2.
The low-carb diet trend that began in the 1970s with the Atkins diet3 paved the way for the popularity of the keto diet, which has become a commercial success and has been garnering significant interest as a viable weight-loss approach.
The idea behind the ketogenic diet for weight loss is that by depriving the body of glucose or the primary source of energy for all cells, an alternative fuel known as ketones is produced from stored fat, hence the term “keto”-genic.
Because it cannot store glucose, the brain requires the most glucose in a consistent supply. When only a small amount of carbohydrate is consumed, the body initially draws stored glucose from the liver and temporarily breaks down muscle to release glucose. If this continues for 3-4 days and the body’s stored glucose is completely depleted, blood levels of insulin hormone fall, and the body begin to use fat as its major fuel.
Ketone bodies are produced by the liver from fat and may be utilized in the absence of glucose. This state of ketone production is referred to as ketosis4.
How Many Macros Should I Eat in Keto?
Subscribing to a keto diet helps you reach a state of nutritional ketosis during which your body starts burning fat for fuel instead of glucose or carbohydrates.
Standard ketogenic diets recommend that an average of 70-80% of the total daily calories come from fats, 5-10% from carbohydrates, and 10-20% from protein5. For a 2,000 daily calorie intake, that translates to 160-180 grams of fat, 20-50 grams of carbohydrates, and 50-100 grams of proteins. You should note that amino acids from your protein may be converted to glucose; therefore you should only include enough protein to maintain lean body mass, including muscle, while still inducing ketosis.
Over time, your body adjusts to this new manner of converting energy and begins to use fat as a major energy source. With that, you have reached a metabolic state where your body constantly utilizes fat!
How to Get Started With a Keto Diet (Free Sample 30-Day Meal Plan + Grocery List)
To give you an idea of what a month of keto diet looks like, we have created a printable sample 30-day meal plan for free! With this meal plan, you do not have to keep track of your carbohydrates. Each week includes a selection of keto foods that will keep your daily net carbohydrates to 20-50 grams.
Now that you know what a keto diet looks like, you will need a list to start grocery shopping. Fortunately, we have also prepared a grocery list you can download and print for free, so you can buy all the ingredients you need for your keto diet meal plan.
Keto-Friendly Keto Dishes
Keto Diet Foods in the Philippines
Health Benefits of the Keto Diet
The keto diet has been demonstrated to generate positive metabolic changes in research studies6. Along with weight loss, health markers related to excess weight, such as insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides, were shown to improve7. The studies led to the following conclusions:
- The high-fat content of the diet has a satiating effect that leads to decreased food cravings.
- A reduction in appetite-stimulating hormones such as insulin and ghrelin after consuming a low-carbohydrate diet.
- Ketone bodies—the body’s primary fuel source in the diet—play a direct role in reducing hunger sensations.
- Calorie consumption rises due to the metabolic impacts of converting fat and protein to glucose.
- Fat loss vs. lean body mass is encouraged, partially due to lower insulin levels.
Because the keto diet eliminates sugar and most carbohydrates, it is easy to see why it is also good for blood sugar control, particularly with diabetic patients8. The less sugar and carbs you consume, the less sugar in your bloodstream. This is why, almost immediately after beginning a keto diet, most people will notice a decrease in their blood sugar. The effects are so immediate that diabetics who begin a ketogenic diet should work with their health care provider to adjust their medication as needed as their glucose levels decrease and stabilize.
In addition, ketones are a natural neuroprotective antioxidant that has been shown to protect the brain from harmful reactive oxygen species9. Ketones have been shown to boost mitochondrial efficiency and production, which aids in the protection of brain cells from strokes and neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. It also helps regulate glutamate (a dominant neurotransmitter in our brain), which, if overstimulated, can cause nerve cell damage.
Lastly, a keto diet may have some benefits in cancer therapy, according to research10. Small human trials and research on mice show that the keto diet may have beneficial effects, including the following:
- Slows down tumor growth
- Protects healthy cells from the effects of chemotherapy or radiation therapy
- Helps anti-cancer drugs work faster or more effectively
- Reduces inflammation, which can promote cancer growth
- Helps prevent weight gain during and after breast cancer chemotherapy. Extra weight increases the likelihood of tumor recurrence.
However, because several human trials are still ongoing, no major cancer organization recommends keto diets for cancer prevention or treatment.
Tips and Warnings
1. Start slowly
Instead of switching from high-carb to keto on the same day, start by eliminating foods rich in refined sugar like candies, pastries, and morning cereals and refined carbohydrates such as pasta, white rice, sweet treats, and bread from your diet. Finally, eliminate natural high-carb foods like potatoes, sweet potatoes, bananas, etc. This gives your body time to adjust to eating low-carb and helps you minimize the powerful initial cravings that usually occur when you suddenly stop feeding your body carbohydrates.
2. Do not be alarmed by the keto flu symptoms
Transitioning to the keto diet might cause symptoms11 such as headaches, irritability, sweet cravings, lethargy, stomach aches, and sleeping problems as your body adjusts to its new fuel source. These usually appear a few days after you achieve and maintain ketosis. The good news is, that there are ways to manage these said symptoms:
a. Supplement your body with electrolytes by adding pink Himalayan sea salt to your drinking water12. A good choice for water is mineral or spring water as it is an excellent source of electrolytes, particularly magnesium. Some will also drink bone broth throughout the day since it is rich in sodium and potassium.
b. If your sugar cravings are out of control, consuming extra fat is a good idea. Fat is the most satiating macronutrient, and it also helps your body produce ketones, which suppress appetite.
c. If the above strategies do not work, it may be good to include a few starchy carbs in one of your daytime meals. Bananas and sweet potatoes are good carb options in this scenario since they are high in minerals. Do this for a few days to see whether the keto flu symptoms subside, then gradually move to a strict keto diet.
3. Check how you are feeling
Pay attention to how you feel after a month of doing the keto diet. Do you feel better than in your previous lifestyle? Or are you frequently depressed and exhausted? If you are still struggling with sticking to a keto diet after 1-2 months, consider altering your eating habits to match your lifestyle and eating patterns while improving your sense of wellness.
4. Your waist circumference and weight will fluctuate naturally from day to day
Monitoring these every 3-5 weeks will provide you with a more accurate picture of how well your diet is benefiting you. In other words, do not get too worked up if you haven’t lost any weight or inches after a week. Stick to your meal plan for at least three weeks before checking your progress and adjusting your diet accordingly.
5. Nutrient deficits may occur if the ketogenic diet does not contain a variety of healthy keto meals
It is critical to incorporate a daily variety of the allowed meats, fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds to guarantee appropriate intakes of fiber, B vitamins, and minerals (iron, magnesium, zinc)—nutrients commonly present in foods such as whole grains that are excluded from the diet.
6. If you decide to start a ketogenic diet, it is best to consult with a physician and a dietitian
They will be able to closely monitor any biochemical changes that occur after starting this diet, as well as develop a meal plan that is designed for your existing health conditions to avoid nutritional deficiencies or other health complications.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is the main difference between low-carbohydrate and keto diets?
A low-carb diet limits carbohydrates, such as grains, rice, and starchy vegetables, to 10-30% of total calorie consumption, which may result in weight loss. The keto diet, on the other hand, limits carbohydrates to 5-10% of your daily calories. This induces nutritional ketosis in your body, promoting the use of fat as a major fuel source. While both diets cut carbohydrates to varying extents, the keto diet is more restrictive. For the majority, the low-carb diet is considered more sustainable in the long run.
2. Can I also practice intermittent fasting while on a keto diet?
Combining the keto diet with intermittent fasting may help you attain ketosis faster than doing the keto diet alone13. It might also lead to more fat loss. However, while this technique may work miracles for some, mixing both is not required, and other people should avoid this combination due to health risks14. If you intend to do both, you should see your doctor or a licensed nutritionist-dietitian.
- Wheless, J. (2008). History of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia, 49, 3-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2008.01821.x
- Paoli, A., Rubini, A., Volek, J., & Grimaldi, K. (2013). Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets. European Journal Of Clinical Nutrition, 67(8), 789-796. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.116
- Atkins Diet: What’s behind the claims?. (2022). Retrieved 24 August 2022, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/weight-loss/in-depth/atkins-diet/art-20048485#:~:text=The%20Atkins%20Diet%20is%20a,for%20weight%20loss%20and%20maintenance.
- Ketosis. Retrieved 24 August 2022, from https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/type-1-diabetes-guide/what-is-ketosis#1
- Mohan, V., & Shilpa, J. (2018). Ketogenic diets: Boon or bane? Indian Journal Of Medical Research, 148(3), 251. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_1666_18
- Gershuni, V., Yan, S., & Medici, V. (2018). Nutritional Ketosis for Weight Management and Reversal of Metabolic Syndrome. Current Nutrition Reports, 7(3), 97-106. doi: 10.1007/s13668-018-0235-0
- Crosby, L., Davis, B., Joshi, S., Jardine, M., Paul, J., Neola, M., & Barnard, N. (2021). Ketogenic Diets and Chronic Disease: Weighing the Benefits Against the Risks. Frontiers In Nutrition, 8. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2021.702802
- Alarim, R., Alasmre, F., Alotaibi, H., Alshehri, M., & Hussain, S. (2020). Effects of the Ketogenic Diet on Glycemic Control in Diabetic Patients: Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials. Cureus. doi: 10.7759/cureus.10796
- Tabaie, E., Reddy, A., & Brahmbhatt, H. (2021). A narrative review on the effects of a ketogenic diet on patients with Alzheimer’s disease. AIMS Public Health, 9(1), 185-193. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2022014
- Tan-Shalaby, J. (2017). Ketogenic Diets and Cancer: Emerging Evidence. Pubmed Central. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375425/
- Bostock, E., Kirkby, K., Taylor, B., & Hawrelak, J. (2020). Consumer Reports of “Keto Flu” Associated With the Ketogenic Diet. Frontiers In Nutrition, 7. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2020.00020
- Spritzler, RD, CDE, F., & Tamber, MD, D. (2022). Do You Need Electrolyte Supplementation on a Keto Diet? — Diet Doctor. Retrieved 24 August 2022, from https://www.dietdoctor.com/low-carb/keto/supplements
- Lichtash, C., Fung, J., Ostoich, K., & Ramos, M. (2020). Therapeutic use of intermittent fasting and ketogenic diet as an alternative treatment for type 2 diabetes in a normal weight woman: a 14-month case study. BMJ Case Reports, 13(7), e234223. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2019-234223
- Bradley, S., & Santilli, M. (2020). Can Combining Intermittent Fasting And Keto Help You Lose More Weight? Retrieved 24 August 2022, from https://www.womenshealthmag.com/weight-loss/a29247294/intermittent-fasting-keto-diet/