The Ultimate Earth Science Reviewer

Earth science is the study of the dynamic Earth and its processes, properties, structures, and its relationship with its neighbors in space.

While it is composed of different sciences, it can be condensed down into four main disciplines: geology (the study of earth materials), meteorology (the study of the atmosphere), oceanography (the study of oceans), and astronomy (the study of celestial bodies).

In this reviewer, we will be delving into the different processes and systems that shape the Earth and how they affect us.

Click below to go to the main reviewer:

The Ultimate UPCAT Reviewer

Table of Contents


1. Earth’s Vital Statistics

earth vital statistics

Rediscover basic facts about the Earth including its age, size, and volume. You’ll also learn more about the different systems that make up our world and how they interact with one another. Click here to go to the article.


2. The Layers of the Earth and its Composition

different layers of the planet earth

Wondering what does the inside of the Earth look like when it’s cut in half? In this article, you’ll learn not just one but two ways to look and study the different layers that make up our planet. Click here to go to the article.


3. Minerals

minerals review

Refresh your memory about minerals with this article that teaches all the basic stuff about the building blocks of rock–from definition and properties of a mineral to the names of the most abundant minerals on Earth. Click here to go to the article.


4. Rocks

rocks review

Review the different types of rocks depending on how they were formed and how each rock evolves over time through a process called the rock cycle. Click here to go to the article.


5. Depositional Environments, Landforms, and Waterforms

depositional environments landforms waterforms

Environments play a major role in how geological materials such as rocks and sediments are formed and transported. In this article, you’ll learn about these environments that can exist on the land, sea, and other places in between. Click here to go to the article.


6. Basics of Stratigraphy

stratigraphy basics

Rocks are more than meets the eye. In this article, we’ll give you an overview of stratigraphy which is a branch of geology that studies rock layers and how their order and position relate to the geological time scale. Click here to go to the article.


7. Fossils and the Geologic Time Scale

fossils review

Enter the fascinating world of fossils which serve as our link to our prehistoric past. Learn different ways a fossil can be formed and how its age can be determined using a tool called geologic time scale. Click here to go to the article.


8. Plate Tectonics

plate tectonics theory

Studying Earth science won’t be complete without the basics of the plate tectonics which is a scientific theory explaining how the Earth’s lithosphere is separated into several large plates that move over the asthenosphere or the upper portion of the mantle. Click here to go to the article.


9. Earthquakes

earthquakes review

Learn everything about the terrifying phenomenon we all know as earthquake from how it’s formed, where it originates, and how it’s measured and recorded to the different ways it can bring devastation to both humans and properties. Click here to go to the article.


10. Volcanoes

volcanoes review

Understand volcanoes better by learning how they are formed, what they are made up of, the different types of a volcano, and what kind of hazards they can bring once they erupt. Click here to go to the article.


11. Climate, Weather, and the Atmosphere

climate weather atmosphere review

Learn more about the atmosphere and all the natural phenomena related to it ranging from the hydrological cycle, cloud and wind formation to the more dangerous ones like typhoons, hurricanes, cyclones, tornadoes, and the El Niño. Click here to go to the article.



NASA Earth Science. (n.d.). Retrieved August 19, 2020, from

Reyes, P. J., Bornas, M. A., Dominey-Howes, D., Pidlaoan, A. C., Magill, C. R., & Solidum, J. R. (2018). A synthesis and review of historical eruptions at Taal Volcano, Southern Luzon, Philippines. Earth-Science Reviews, 177, 565-588. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.11.014

Sharp, T. (2017). How Big Is Earth?. Retrieved 20 August 2020, from

Tarbuck, Edward J. Lutgens, Frederick K. Earth Science. Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall/Pearson, 2012.

Volcanoes of the Philippines. Retrieved 22 August 2020, from

Ruth Raganit

Ruth Raganit obtained her Bachelor of Science degree in Geology from the University of the Philippines – Diliman. Her love affair with Earth sciences began when she saw a pretty rock and wondered how it came to be. She also likes playing video games, doing digital art, and reading manga.

15 thoughts on “The Ultimate Earth Science Reviewer

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